Presbyopia: What Are Symptoms, Causes and Treatment Options in Columbia SC
Presbyopia is the gradual loss of the eyes’ ability to focus on near or close objects and occurs naturally as we age. Presbyopia is the reason we begin to hold our phones at arm’s length to read text messages and why the print we read every day is growing too small for us to see. Your experienced eye care team here at Dr. Dorothy Park & Associates knows that while aging is inevitable, struggling with a vision problem due to presbyopia does not have to be.
What is Presbyopia?
Unlike vision problems like astigmatism, farsightedness, and nearsightedness, which are more related to the shape of the eyeball, presbyopia is a result of the gradual stiffening of the natural lens of the eye. Aging creates changes in the muscle fibers that surround the lenses of our eyes and they lose flexibility; with this loss, it becomes harder to focus up close.
Symptoms of Presbyopia
People with presbyopia tend to experience:
- Blurred vision at normal reading distance
- Eyestrain when performing close-up tasks
- Headaches after reading
- Holding reading material at arm's length to see print better
Risk Factors for Presbyopia
People who fall into these categories tend to be at risk of developing presbyopia.
- Age over 40
- Medical conditions- diabetes, hypertension, and MS can affect your vision and eye health
- Other vision problems such as being farsighted increases your risk
How is Presbyopia Diagnosed and Treated?
Your eye care professional will perform a comprehensive eye examination, which includes asking pertinent questions about your symptoms, general health, significant family history, and any medications you may be taking. A refraction assessment will be performed. Your optometry examination will include a thorough examination of the eye and eye structures as well as an assessment of your vision.
When your examination is complete, your eye doctor will discuss the findings with you and develop a personalized treatment plan to correct your vision problem. The specific goal of treatment is to compensate for the inability of your eyes to focus close-up. You may require prescription eyeglasses with progressive lenses or bifocal lenses. If you wear contacts for another vision problem, your eye care professional may prescribe reading glasses to wear as well.
Many patients choose contact lenses to correct their presbyopia including monovision contacts. Your eye care professional can also discuss surgical treatment options with you, as well as provide pre- and post-operative care.
Contact Us Today
Serving Columbia SC and the surrounding area, your vision health is our only business. Call us today at 803-254-6306.